Français | English

Agence nationale sanitaire et scientifique en cancérologie

Accueil Nota Bene Cancer V2 Numéro 135 du 10 May 2012 Lutte contre les cancers

Print

Nota Bene Cancer Numéro 135 du 10 May 2012 RSS

Lutte contre les cancers

Qualité de vie, soins de support

A partir de questionnaires auprès de 142 patients pédiatriques atteints d'une tumeur cérébrale traitée par protonthérapie (âge : 2 à 18 ans) et auprès de leurs parents, cette étude prospective analyse la relation entre la qualité de vie des patients, les caractéristiques de la maladie et l'intensité du traitement

  • Détails
    Fermer

    A partir de questionnaires auprès de 142 patients pédiatriques atteints d'une tumeur cérébrale traitée par protonthérapie (âge : 2 à 18 ans) et auprès de leurs parents, cette étude prospective analyse la relation entre la qualité de vie des patients, les caractéristiques de la maladie et l'intensité du traitement

    “Prospective Study of Health-Related Quality of Life for Children With Brain Tumors Treated With Proton Radiotherapy”

    • Kuhlthau, Karen A.;Pulsifer, Margaret B.;Yeap, Beow Y.;Rivera Morales, Dianali;Delahaye, Jennifer;Hill, Kristen S.;Ebb, David;Abrams, Annah N.;MacDonald, Shannon M.;Tarbell, Nancy J.;Yock, Torunn I.

    Purpose We describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of a cohort of children with brain tumors treated with proton radiotherapy.Patients and Methods We recruited 142 pediatric patients with brain tumors (age 2 to 18 years) and parents of such patients treated with proton radiation at Massachusetts General Hospital from 2004 to 2010. HRQoL was assessed using the PedsQL core, brain tumor, and cancer modules (range, 0 to 100). Assessments took place during radiation and annually thereafter. We examined correlations of HRQoL with disease, treatment, and cognitive and behavioral data.Results Overall reports of HRQoL during treatment were 74.8 and 78.1 for child self-report (CSR) and 67.0 and 74.8 for parent proxy report (PPR) for the core and brain tumor modules, respectively. PPR demonstrated lower HRQoL scores than CSR, but the two were highly correlated. Higher HRQoL scores were significantly associated with Wechsler Full Scale Intelligence Quotient scores (administered via ...


  • Proton-Beam Radiation Therapy and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children With CNS Tumors
    Journal of Clinical Oncology, sous presse, 2012 (éditorial)
    Détails
    Fermer

    A partir de questionnaires auprès de 142 patients pédiatriques atteints d'une tumeur cérébrale traitée par protonthérapie (âge : 2 à 18 ans) et auprès de leurs parents, cette étude prospective analyse la relation entre la qualité de vie des patients, les caractéristiques de la maladie et l'intensité du traitement

    “Proton-Beam Radiation Therapy and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children With CNS Tumors”

    • Armstrong, F. Daniel


Mots clés : Système nerveux central; Lutte contre les cancers (Qualité de vie, soins de support)

Menée auprès de 191 couples, cette étude analyse la prévalence des difficultés sexuelles, les modes de communication et les symptômes dépressifs chez des couples dont la femme est atteinte d'un cancer du sein métastatique

  • Détails
    Fermer

    Menée auprès de 191 couples, cette étude analyse la prévalence des difficultés sexuelles, les modes de communication et les symptômes dépressifs chez des couples dont la femme est atteinte d'un cancer du sein métastatique

    “Sexual problems, communication patterns, and depressive symptoms in couples coping with metastatic breast cancer”

    • Milbury, Kathrin;Badr, Hoda

    Background The treatment of breast cancer tends to result in physical side effects (e.g., vaginal dryness, stomatitis, and atrophy) that can cause sexual problems. Although studies of early-stage breast cancer have demonstrated that sexual problems are associated with increased depressive symptoms for both patients and their partners, comparatively little is known about these associations in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and how patients and partners cope together with sexual problems. We examined the links between sexual problems, depressive symptoms, and two types of spousal communication patterns (mutual constructive and demand–withdraw) in 191 couples in which the patient was initiating treatment for MBC. Methods Patients and partners separately completed paper-and-pencil surveys. Results Multilevel models indicated that high levels of sexual problems were significantly associated with more depressive symptoms only for patients who reported low levels of mutual constructive ...


Mots clés : Sein; Lutte contre les cancers (Qualité de vie, soins de support)

Cette étude américaine analyse les difficultés sexuelles et la qualité de vie de survivantes homosexuelles d'un cancer du sein

  • Détails
    Fermer

    Cette étude américaine analyse les difficultés sexuelles et la qualité de vie de survivantes homosexuelles d'un cancer du sein

    “Explanatory factors of sexual function in sexual minority women breast cancer survivors”

    • Boehmer, U.;Timm, A.;Ozonoff, A.;Potter, J.

    Background: The sexual function of sexual minority women (women with female partners) who are breast cancer survivors is mostly unknown. Our objective is to identify explanatory factors of sexual function among sexual minority women with breast cancer and compare them with a control sample of sexual minority women without cancer.Patients and methods: Using a conceptual framework that has previously been applied to heterosexual breast cancer survivors, we assessed the relationship of each explanatory factor to sexual function in sexual minority women. Using generalized estimating equations, we identified explanatory factors of sexual function and identified differences by case and control status.Results: Self-perception of greater sexual attractiveness and worse urogenital menopausal symptoms explain 44% of sexual function, after controlling for case and control status. Focusing only on partnered women, 45% of sexual function was explained by greater sexual attractiveness, ...


Mots clés : Sein; Lutte contre les cancers (Qualité de vie, soins de support)

Menée par entretiens individuels en population afro-américaine, cette étude analyse les aspects psychosociaux de la qualité de vie de survivants d'un cancer de la prostate et de leurs épouses

  • Understanding the Psychosocial Issues of African American Couples Surviving Prostate Cancer
    Journal of Cancer Education, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    Menée par entretiens individuels en population afro-américaine, cette étude analyse les aspects psychosociaux de la qualité de vie de survivants d'un cancer de la prostate et de leurs épouses

    “Understanding the Psychosocial Issues of African American Couples Surviving Prostate Cancer”

    • Rivers, Brian;August, Euna;Quinn, Gwendolyn;Gwede, Clement;Pow-Sang, Julio;Green, B.;Jacobsen, Paul

    African Americans are disproportionately affected by prostate cancer, yet less is known about the most salient psychosocial dimensions of quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of African American prostate cancer survivors and their spouses of psychosocial issues related to quality of life. Twelve African American couples were recruited from a National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center registry and a state-based non-profit organization to participate in individual interviews. The study was theoretically based on Ferrell’s Quality of Life Conceptual Model. Common themes emerged regarding the psychosocial needs of African American couples. These themes were categorized into behavioral, social, psychological, and spiritual domains. Divergent perspectives were identified between male prostate cancer survivors and their female spouses. This study delineated unmet needs and areas for future in-depth investigations into psychosocial issues. The ...


Mots clés : Prostate; Lutte contre les cancers (Qualité de vie, soins de support)

Menée auprès de 118 participants, cette étude analyse la qualité des soins de support offerts aux patients atteints d'un cancer de stade avancé en phase terminale

  • The quality of supportive care among inpatients dying with advanced cancer
    Supportive Care in Cancer, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    Menée auprès de 118 participants, cette étude analyse la qualité des soins de support offerts aux patients atteints d'un cancer de stade avancé en phase terminale

    “The quality of supportive care among inpatients dying with advanced cancer”

    • Walling, Anne;Asch, Steven;Lorenz, Karl;Malin, Jennifer;Roth, Carol;Barry, Tod;Wenger, Neil

    Purpose Managing symptoms and communicating effectively are essential aspects of providing high-quality cancer care, especially among patients with advanced cancer. The purpose of this study is to apply novel quality indicators to measure the quality of supportive care provided to patients with advanced cancer who died in a large university medical center. Methods Cancer quality ASSIST is a comprehensive quality indicator (QI) set that includes 92 symptom and care planning indicators, of which we piloted 15 applicable to persons with advanced cancer who died in the hospital setting. We evaluated medical records of all adult terminal hospitalizations with lengths of stay ≥3 days at one university medical center between April 2005 and April 2006. Results Of 496 decedents, 118 had advanced cancer (mean age 60, 54 % male). Forty-five percent received chemotherapy or radiation in the month prior to or during admission. During the hospitalization, 56 % of the patients spent time in the ...


Mots clés : Cancer (général); Lutte contre les cancers (Qualité de vie, soins de support)

Observation

Menée sur 1 856 patients atteints d'un cancer oropharyngé associé ou non au papillomavirus humain et inclus dans deux essais de phase III évaluant une radiothérapie et une chimioradiothérapie, cette étude analyse le risque de progression de la maladie et de décès en fonction du statut p16 de la tumeur et du statut tabagique au diagnostic et durant le traitement

  • Détails
    Fermer

    Menée sur 1 856 patients atteints d'un cancer oropharyngé associé ou non au papillomavirus humain et inclus dans deux essais de phase III évaluant une radiothérapie et une chimioradiothérapie, cette étude analyse le risque de progression de la maladie et de décès en fonction du statut p16 de la tumeur et du statut tabagique au diagnostic et durant le traitement

    “Tobacco Smoking and Increased Risk of Death and Progression for Patients With p16-Positive and p16-Negative Oropharyngeal Cancer”

    • Gillison, Maura L.;Zhang, Qiang;Jordan, Richard;Xiao, Weihong;Westra, William H.;Trotti, Andy;Spencer, Sharon;Harris, Jonathan;Chung, Christine H.;Ang, K. Kian

    Purpose Tobacco smoking is associated with oropharynx cancer survival, but to what extent cancer progression or death increases with increasing tobacco exposure is unknown.Patients and methods Patients with oropharynx cancer enrolled onto a phase III trial of radiotherapy from 1991 to 1997 (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group [RTOG] 9003) or of chemoradiotherapy from 2002 to 2005 (RTOG 0129) were evaluated for tumor human papillomavirus status by a surrogate, p16 immunohistochemistry, and for tobacco exposure by a standardized questionnaire. Associations between tobacco exposure and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were estimated by Cox proportional hazards models.Results Prevalence of p16-positive cancer was 39.5% among patients in RTOG 9003 and 68.0% in RTOG 0129. Median pack-years of tobacco smoking were lower among p16-positive than p16-negative patients in both trials (RTOG 9003: 29 v 45.9 pack-years; P = .02; RTOG 0129: 10 v 40 pack-years; P < .001). After ...


Mots clés : Voies aérodigestives supérieures; Lutte contre les cancers (Observation)

A partir des données de plusieurs registres du cancer de pays asiatiques, cette étude analyse l'évolution de l'incidence du cancer du sein et la mortalité en Mongolie sur la période 1998-2005 et la compare aux données chinoises, japonaises et russes

  • Breast cancer incidence in Mongolia
    Cancer Causes and Control, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    A partir des données de plusieurs registres du cancer de pays asiatiques, cette étude analyse l'évolution de l'incidence du cancer du sein et la mortalité en Mongolie sur la période 1998-2005 et la compare aux données chinoises, japonaises et russes

    “Breast cancer incidence in Mongolia”

    • Troisi, Rebecca;Altantsetseg, Dalkhjav;Davaasambuu, Ganmaa;Rich-Edwards, Janet;Davaalkham, Dambadarjaa;Tretli, Steinar;Hoover, Robert;Frazier, A.

    Purpose Data on international variation in breast cancer incidence may help to identify additional risk factors. Substantially lower breast cancer rates in Asia than in North America and Western Europe are established, but differences within Asia have been largely ignored despite heterogeneity in lifestyles and environments. Mongolia’s breast cancer experience is of interest because of its shared genetics but vastly different diet compared with other parts of Asia. Methods Age-standardized breast cancer incidence and mortality rates obtained from the International Association of Cancer Registries are presented for several Asian countries. Mongolian incidence rates obtained from its cancer registry describe incidence within the country. Results Breast cancer incidence in Mongolia (age standardized 8.0/100,000) is almost a third of rates in China (21.6/100,000), and over five times that of Japan (42.7/100,000) and Russia (43.2/100,000). Rates within Mongolia appear to have increased ...


Mots clés : Sein; Lutte contre les cancers (Observation)

A partir des données du registre néerlandais du cancer, cette étude analyse l'évolution des traitements et de la survie des patients âgés atteints d'un cancer du poumon de stade précoce, sur la période 2001 à 2009

  • Détails
    Fermer

    A partir des données du registre néerlandais du cancer, cette étude analyse l'évolution des traitements et de la survie des patients âgés atteints d'un cancer du poumon de stade précoce, sur la période 2001 à 2009

    “Early-stage lung cancer in elderly patients: A population-based study of changes in treatment patterns and survival in the Netherlands”

    • Haasbeek, C. J. A.;Palma, D.;Visser, O.;Lagerwaard, F. J.;Slotman, B.;Senan, S.

    Background: Elderly patients with stage I non-small-cell lung cancer are less likely to undergo curative treatment. However, the introduction of new treatment options such as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) may improve treatment rates. We evaluated time trends in treatment patterns and survival in the entire Netherlands population for patients diagnosed between 2001 and 2009.Patients and methods: Details of 4605 elderly Dutch patients were obtained from the Netherlands Cancer Registry, containing data on all cancer patients in a population of 16 million. Three consecutive time periods were studied: 2001–2003 (A, before SABR became available), 2004–2006 (B, increasing availability), and 2007–2009 (C, full availability).Results: Between period A and C, there was a 7% absolute reduction in patients going untreated, corresponding to an 8-month improvement in median survival (P < 0.001). Radiotherapy utilization increased from 31% to 38%, whereas surgical utilization ...


Mots clés : Poumon; Lutte contre les cancers (Observation)

Menée sur 327 patients pédiatriques d'origine hispanique ou non et atteints d'une leucémie lymphoblastique aiguë, cette étude américaine identifie les facteurs d'adhésion à un traitement oral par la mercaptopurine et évalue, en fonction de l'appartenance ethnique des patients, l'effet d'une non adhésion au traitement sur le risque de récidive

  • Détails
    Fermer

    Menée sur 327 patients pédiatriques d'origine hispanique ou non et atteints d'une leucémie lymphoblastique aiguë, cette étude américaine identifie les facteurs d'adhésion à un traitement oral par la mercaptopurine et évalue, en fonction de l'appartenance ethnique des patients, l'effet d'une non adhésion au traitement sur le risque de récidive

    “Nonadherence to Oral Mercaptopurine and Risk of Relapse in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Report From the Children's Oncology Group”

    • Bhatia, Smita;Landier, Wendy;Shangguan, Muyun;Hageman, Lindsey;Schaible, Alexandra N.;Carter, Andrea R.;Hanby, Cara L.;Leisenring, Wendy;Yasui, Yutaka;Kornegay, Nancy M.;Mascarenhas, Leo;Ritchey, A. Kim;Casillas, Jacqueline N.;Dickens, David S.;Meza, Jane;Carroll, William L.;Relling, Mary V.;Wong, F. Lennie

    Purpose Systemic exposure to mercaptopurine (MP) is critical for durable remissions in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Nonadherence to oral MP could increase relapse risk and also contribute to inferior outcome in Hispanics. This study identified determinants of adherence and described impact of adherence on relapse, both overall and by ethnicity.Patients and Methods A total of 327 children with ALL (169 Hispanic; 158 non-Hispanic white) participated. Medication event-monitoring system caps recorded date and time of MP bottle openings. Adherence rate, calculated monthly, was defined as ratio of days of MP bottle opening to days when MP was prescribed.Results After 53,394 person-days of monitoring, adherence declined from 94.7% (month 1) to 90.2% (month 6; P < .001). Mean adherence over 6 months was significantly lower among Hispanics (88.4% v 94.8%; P < .001), patients age ≥ 12 years (85.8% v 93.1%; P < .001), and patients from single-mother households (80.6% v ...


Mots clés : Leucémie; Lutte contre les cancers (Observation)

Cette étude met à jour les données de l'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé relatives à la mortalité par leucémie en Europe sur la période 1970-2009 et présente des projections jusqu'en 2012

  • Trends in mortality from leukemia in europe: An update to 2009 and a projection to 2012
    International Journal of Cancer, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    Cette étude met à jour les données de l'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé relatives à la mortalité par leucémie en Europe sur la période 1970-2009 et présente des projections jusqu'en 2012

    “Trends in mortality from leukemia in europe: An update to 2009 and a projection to 2012”

    • Bertuccio, Paola;Bosetti, Cristina;Malvezzi, Matteo;Levi, Fabio;Chatenoud, Liliane;Negri, Eva;La Vecchia, Carlo

    We considered trends in mortality from leukemia in Europe over the period 1970-2009 using data from the World Health Organization. We computed age-standardized (world population) mortality rates, at all ages and in selected age groups, in 11 selected European countries, the European Union (EU), and, for comparative purposes, in the USA and Japan. For the EU, we also provided projections of the mortality to 2012. Over the period considered, mortality from leukemia steadily declined in most European countries in children and young adults, as well as in western and southern Europe at middle-age (45-69 years); in central/eastern Europe, reductions at ages 45-69 started since the mid-late 1990's. In the EU, annual percent changes were -3.7% in males and -3.8% in females at age 0-14, -2% in both sexes at age 15-44, and -0.6% in males and -1% in females at middle-age and overall. No decline was observed at age 70 or more. Between 1997 and 2007, overall EU rates decreased from 5.4 to 4.8/100 ...


Mots clés : Leucémie; Lutte contre les cancers (Observation)

A partir des données des registres allemands du cancer, cette étude analyse l'évolution de la survie des patients atteints d'un cancer colorectal sur la période 2002-2006

  • Survival from colorectal cancer in Germany in the early 21st century
    British Journal of Cancer, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    A partir des données des registres allemands du cancer, cette étude analyse l'évolution de la survie des patients atteints d'un cancer colorectal sur la période 2002-2006

    “Survival from colorectal cancer in Germany in the early 21st century”

    • Majek, O.;Gondos, A.;Jansen, L.;Emrich, K.;Holleczek, B.;Katalinic, A.;Nennecke, A.;Eberle, A.;Brenner, H.

    Colorectal cancer is the most common cancer in Germany and the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in both men and women. The aim of this study is to provide detailed analysis of recent developments in survival of colorectal cancer patients using newly available data on a national basis. Methods: We included data from 11 German cancer registries covering a population of 33 million inhabitants. Period analysis and modelled period analysis were used to provide most up-to-date estimates of 5-year relative survival in 2002–2006. Results: The analysis was based on records of 164 996 colorectal cancer patients. Five-year relative survival was 63.0% overall, decreased with age and was significantly higher among women than among men in patients under 75 years. Overall age-adjusted 5-year relative survival increased from 60.6 to 65.0% over the period 2002–2006. Significant increase in survival was only observed in patients with localised or regional disease. Highest ...


Mots clés : Colon-rectum; Lutte contre les cancers (Observation)

Menée en Chine auprès de 24 041 femmes, cette étude en population analyse la prévalence de l'infection par le papillomavirus humain, en fonction du génotype, dans le cadre d'un dépistage du cancer du col de l'utérus

  • Détails
    Fermer

    Menée en Chine auprès de 24 041 femmes, cette étude en population analyse la prévalence de l'infection par le papillomavirus humain, en fonction du génotype, dans le cadre d'un dépistage du cancer du col de l'utérus

    “The prevalence and role of human papillomavirus genotypes in primary cervical screening in the northeast of China”

    • Wang, Shizhuo;Zhang, Shulan;Heng, Wei;Wang, Ning;Zhang, Yao;Ruan, Qiang;Jiang, Weiguo;Xiao, Qian;Luan, Xiaomei;Qian, Xiuyan;Zhang, Lili;Gao, Xiang;Sun, Xiaowei

    BACKGROUND:Studies have shown that type-specific persistence of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection contributed significantly to cervical carcinogenesis.METHODS:In this population-based study (on 24041 women)we report on the prevalent genotypes of HPVs and the prevalent genotypes of HPV persistent infection in the northeast of China.RESULTS:Our results showed that in HPV infected women (45.6% in total), (95% CI, 44.97%-46.23%), 17.35% (95%CI, 16.87%-17.83%) suffered persistent infection. The most common high-risk HPV types in persistent positivity were HPV-16 (18.21%; 95%CI, 17.04%-19.38%), HPV-58 (13.2%; 95%CI, 12.17%-14.23%), HPV-18 (8.66%; 95%CI, 7.81%-9.51%), HPV-52 (7.06%; 95% CI, 6.28%-7.84%) and HPV-33 (6.78%; 95% CI, 6.02%-7.54%). The prevalence of persistent infections with HPV-16, -58, -18, -52 and 33 in cervicitis were lower compared to those in CIN (all P<0.05). HPV-58,-33 and multiple HPV persistent positivity were significantly associated with older age (all ...


Mots clés : Col de l'utérus; Lutte contre les cancers (Observation)

Approches psycho-sociales

Mené en Allemagne auprès de 186 patients atteints d'un cancer hématologique, cet essai randomisé analyse l'efficacité d'un programme d'aide et de soutien en ligne pour faire face à la maladie

  • Détails
    Fermer

    Mené en Allemagne auprès de 186 patients atteints d'un cancer hématologique, cet essai randomisé analyse l'efficacité d'un programme d'aide et de soutien en ligne pour faire face à la maladie

    “Internet-based program for coping with cancer: a randomized controlled trial with hematologic cancer patients”

    • David, N.;Schlenker, P.;Prudlo, U.;Larbig, W.

    Objective Psychosocial patient care in oncology is no longer limited to the inpatient setting. Outpatient services are in demand. Internet-based interventions could aid in optimizing service delivery across disciplines. The effectiveness of an Internet-based program for hematologic cancer patients was tested in a randomized controlled trial under field experimental conditions. Methods A 4-week cognitive-behavioral program for coping with cancer was offered to hematologic cancer patients online. One hundred eighty-six registrants were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 105) or a waiting list (n = 81). The outcome measures, ‘mental adjustment’ (MAC) and ‘psychological distress’ (BSI), were assessed at registration and after 4 weeks. Patient satisfaction was assessed (ZUF-8), and complete-cases and intention-to-treat analyses were performed. Results At registration, the majority of participants displayed clinically significant distress (BSI) and lacked ...


Mots clés : Sang (autre); Lutte contre les cancers (Approches psycho-sociales)

Menée auprès de 740 participants australiens, cet essai de phase 3 évalue l'efficacité d'une intervention psychologique et pédagogique destinée à améliorer la qualité de vie et le bien-être physique et psychologique de patients nouvellement diagnostiqués avec un cancer de la prostate

  • Intervening to improve psychological outcomes for men with prostate cancer
    Psycho-Oncology, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    Menée auprès de 740 participants australiens, cet essai de phase 3 évalue l'efficacité d'une intervention psychologique et pédagogique destinée à améliorer la qualité de vie et le bien-être physique et psychologique de patients nouvellement diagnostiqués avec un cancer de la prostate

    “Intervening to improve psychological outcomes for men with prostate cancer”

    • Chambers, Suzanne K.;Ferguson, Megan;Gardiner, R. A.;Aitken, Joanne;Occhipinti, Stefano

    Background Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the Western world with well-described negative effects from treatments. However, outcomes are highly heterogeneous. A Phase 3 trial of a psycho-educational intervention was undertaken, aiming to reduce cancer-specific and decision-related distress and improve quality of life for men newly diagnosed with localised prostate cancer. Methods Seven hundred forty (81.7%) men were recruited after diagnosis and before treatment and randomised to a tele-based nurse-delivered five-session psycho-educational intervention (N = 372) or usual care (N = 368). Participants were assessed before treatment and 2, 6, 12 and 24 months post-treatment. Outcome measures included cancer-specific and decision-related distress, cognitive judgmental adjustment, subjective well-being, and domain-specific and health-related quality of life. Social support was assessed as a potential moderator. Results No unconditioned effects were found. ...


Mots clés : Prostate; Lutte contre les cancers (Approches psycho-sociales)

Menée en Corée auprès de 2 661 patients atteints de cancer, cette étude transversale analyse leurs besoins psychosociaux en fonction de facteurs cliniques et sociodémographiques

  • Détails
    Fermer

    Menée en Corée auprès de 2 661 patients atteints de cancer, cette étude transversale analyse leurs besoins psychosociaux en fonction de facteurs cliniques et sociodémographiques

    “Psychosocial needs of cancer patients and related factors: a multi-center, cross-sectional study in Korea”

    • Choi, Kyung-Hyun;Park, Jae-Hyun;Park, Jong-Hyock;Park, Joo-Sung

    Background Identifying psychosocial needs and satisfying them are important issues to many cancer patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial needs of cancer patients and its related factors, based on a nationwide sample of cancer patients in Korea. Methods A multi-center survey was administered to 2661 cancer patients from 10 cancer centers in Korea. The survey measured the needs for psychosocial support, using the Comprehensive Needs Assessment Tool in Cancer, and potential correlates, such as socio-demographic and clinical factors. Multivariate ordinal regression and binary logistic regression were conducted to identify factors that may predict psychosocial needs. Results On the measure for psychosocial needs, the median score of psychological problems was 2.73 points and that of social support was 1.92 points, as the standardized score on a scale of 10 points. Needs for psychological problems were positively correlated with intensive treatment, degree of ...


Mots clés : Cancer (général); Lutte contre les cancers (Approches psycho-sociales)

A partir de questionnaires auprès de 821 participantes, cette étude japonaise analyse la prévalence des difficultés et de la détresse psychologiques rencontrées par les épouses en deuil de leur conjoint décédé de cancer

  • Impaired mental health among the bereaved spouses of cancer patients
    Psycho-Oncology, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    A partir de questionnaires auprès de 821 participantes, cette étude japonaise analyse la prévalence des difficultés et de la détresse psychologiques rencontrées par les épouses en deuil de leur conjoint décédé de cancer

    “Impaired mental health among the bereaved spouses of cancer patients”

    • Asai, Mariko;Akizuki, Nobuya;Fujimori, Maiko;Shimizu, Ken;Ogawa, Asao;Matsui, Yutaka;Akechi, Tatsuo;Itoh, Kuniaki;Ikeda, Masafumi;Hayashi, Ryuichi;Kinoshita, Taira;Ohtsu, Atsushi;Nagai, Kanji;Kinoshita, Hiroya;Uchitomi, Yosuke

    Objective Few cancer physicians routinely provide bereavement follow-up in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of impaired mental health among the bereaved spouses over several years and explore the indicators for early detection of high-risk spouses during end-of life (EOL) care. Methods A cross-sectional mail survey was conducted for the bereaved spouses of patients who had died at the National Cancer Center Hospital of Japan. Bereaved spouses with potential psychiatric disorders were identified by the cut-off score of the 28-item General Health Questionnaire. Associated factors of potential psychiatric disorders were explored by logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 821 spouses experiencing bereavement from 7 months to 7 years returned the questionnaires. Overall mean prevalence of potential psychiatric disorders was 44% (360/821). Bereaved spouses ‘under 55 years’ (71%) or ‘2 years after bereavement’ (59%) revealed ...


Mots clés : Cancer (général); Lutte contre les cancers (Approches psycho-sociales)

Sensibilisation et communication

Menée auprès de 136 participants, cette étude américaine évalue l'efficacité d'un programme d'éducation et d'informations relatives au cancer de la peau pour des malentendants

  • Evaluating a Skin Cancer Education Program for the Deaf Community
    Journal of Cancer Education, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    Menée auprès de 136 participants, cette étude américaine évalue l'efficacité d'un programme d'éducation et d'informations relatives au cancer de la peau pour des malentendants

    “Evaluating a Skin Cancer Education Program for the Deaf Community”

    • Harry, Kadie;Malcarne, Vanessa;Branz, Patricia;Fager, Matthew;Garcia, Barbara;Sadler, Georgia

    Skin cancer is the most common, preventable, and treatable cancer, so public education has been a priority. Unfortunately, for the Deaf community, most skin cancer information is difficult to access, so tailored approaches are needed. Participants ( N = 136) were randomly assigned to view either a skin cancer education video in American Sign Language ( n = 75) or an alternate video ( n = 61). All participants completed skin cancer knowledge questionnaires at baseline, immediately post-intervention, and 2-month post-intervention. Control group participants could then transfer to the experimental condition, using their 2-month follow-up data as their baseline. Participants who saw the skin cancer video gained significantly more knowledge than control participants, demonstrating the video's effectiveness in increasing skin cancer control knowledge. There was no difference between the original experimental group and the delayed intervention group on knowledge gains.


Mots clés : Peau (hors mélanome); Lutte contre les cancers (Sensibilisation et communication)

Menée au Royaume-Uni par entretiens auprès de 2 018 participants, cette étude analyse les connaissances de la population relatives aux cancers du sein, du colon-rectum et du poumon, ainsi que leurs perceptions de la survie associée à ces divers cancers

  • Do the British public recognise differences in survival between three common cancers ?
    British Journal of Cancer, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    Menée au Royaume-Uni par entretiens auprès de 2 018 participants, cette étude analyse les connaissances de la population relatives aux cancers du sein, du colon-rectum et du poumon, ainsi que leurs perceptions de la survie associée à ces divers cancers

    “Do the British public recognise differences in survival between three common cancers ?”

    • Whitaker, K. L.;Simon, A. E.;Beeken, R. J.;Wardle, J.

    Background: The recognition that cancer is not a single entity, rather that different cancers have different causes and trajectories, has been a key development in the scientific understanding of cancer. However, little is known about the British public’s awareness of differences between cancers. This study examined differences in perceived survivability for three common cancers with widely disparate survival rates (breast, colorectal and lung). Method: In a population-based survey, using home interviews (N=2018), respondents answered a quantitative (numeric) question on 5-year survival and a qualitative (non-numeric) question on curability, for each of the three cancers. Results: British adults correctly recognised that 5-year survival for breast cancer was higher than for colorectal cancer (CRC), which in turn was recognised to be higher than for lung cancer. Similarly, curability was perceived to be higher for breast than CRC, and both were perceived to be more curable than ...


Mots clés : Cancer (général); Lutte contre les cancers (Sensibilisation et communication)

Ressources et infrastructures (Lutte contre les cancers)

A partir des données du registre finlandais du cancer, cette étude analyse la pertinence du calcul de la survie relative pour estimer la survie brute dans une population de patients atteints d'un cancer du poumon

  • Should relative survival be used with lung cancer data ?
    British Journal of Cancer, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)
    Détails
    Fermer

    A partir des données du registre finlandais du cancer, cette étude analyse la pertinence du calcul de la survie relative pour estimer la survie brute dans une population de patients atteints d'un cancer du poumon

    “Should relative survival be used with lung cancer data ?”

    • Hinchliffe, S. R.;Rutherford, M. J.;Crowther, M. J.;Nelson, C. P.;Lambert, P. C.

    Background: Under certain assumptions, relative survival is a measure of net survival based on estimating the excess mortality in a study population when compared with the general population. Background mortality estimates are usually taken from national life tables that are broken down by age, sex and calendar year. A fundamental assumption of relative survival methods is that if a patient did not have the disease of interest then their probability of survival would be comparable to that of the general population. It is argued, as most lung cancer patients are smokers and therefore carry a higher risk of smoking-related mortalities, that they are not comparable to a population where the majority are likely to be non-smokers. Methods: We use data from the Finnish Cancer Registry to assess the impact that the non-comparability assumption has on the estimates of relative survival through the use of a sensitivity analysis. Results: Under realistic estimates of increased all-cause ...


Mots clés : Poumon; Lutte contre les cancers (Ressources et infrastructures (Lutte contre les cancers))

Recherche de publications

Recherche avancée

Widget

 

Archives

Formulaire d’abonnement

Pour recevoir gratuitement chaque nouveau numéro de Nota Bene Cancer par courriel :

S'abonner

Sources

Pour visualiser l'ensemble des sources alimentant le Nota Bene Cancer :

Accéder au portail des sources du NBC

Foire aux questions

Pour trouver les réponses aux questions que vous vous posez sur Nota Bene Cancer :

Accéder à la F.A.Q.