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Accueil Nota Bene Cancer V2 Numéro 137 du 22 May 2012 Lutte contre les cancers BREADCRUMB PUBLICATION

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Higher prevalence of sexual dysfunction in colon and rectal cancer survivors compared with the normative population: A population-based study

Menée en population européenne, cette étude analyse et compare, chez des survivants d'un cancer du colon ou du rectum et en population saine, la prévalence des dysfonctionnements sexuels

  • European Journal of Cancer, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)

Résumé en anglais :
Background To compare colorectal cancer survivors with a normative population regarding erectile dysfunction, ejaculation problems, dyspareunia, dry vagina, sexual functioning (SF) and enjoyment (SE). In addition, the sociodemographic, clinical and psychological correlates of (dys)function in survivors are examined. Patients and methods The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-CR38 sexuality subscales were completed by survivors (n = 1371; response rate 82%), of which 1359 received surgical treatment and were included in the analysis. The normative population consisted of 400 participants (response rate 78%). Results Erectile problems were more often present in rectal cancer (54%) than colon cancer survivors (25%) and the normative population (27%; p < .0001). They also had more ejaculation problems (68%) than colon cancer survivors (47%; p < .001). Dry vagina was common in colon (28%) and rectal cancer survivors (35%), while the normative population scored lower (5%; p = .003). In addition, colon (9%) and rectal cancer survivors (30%) experienced more pain during intercourse than the normative population (0%; p = .001). SE for men was similar across groups, while women with colorectal cancer reported lower scores than the normative population. Higher age, being a woman, not having a partner, a low educational level, rectal cancer, depressive symptoms and fatigue were associated with lower SF. Lower SE was associated with higher age and being a woman, depressive symptoms and cardiovascular disease. Conclusion

NBC n° 137 du 22 May 2012

Mots clés : Colon-rectum; Lutte contre les cancers (Qualité de vie, soins de support)

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