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Agence nationale sanitaire et scientifique en cancérologie

Accueil Nota Bene Cancer V2 Numéro 135 du 10 May 2012 Dépistage, diagnostic et pronostic BREADCRUMB PUBLICATION

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Quantitative DNA Methylation Analysis Identifies a Single CpG Dinucleotide Important for ZAP-70 Expression and Predictive of Prognosis in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

A partir de 247 échantillons tumoraux prélevés sur des patients atteints de leucémie lymphocytaire chronique, cette étude montre qu'une analyse quantitative de la méthylation d'un dinucléotide CpG situé sur le gène ZAP-70 permet de prédire le pronostic associé à la maladie

  • Journal of Clinical Oncology, sous presse, 2012 (résumé)

Résumé en anglais :
Purpose Increased ZAP-70 expression predicts poor prognosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Current methods for accurately measuring ZAP-70 expression are problematic, preventing widespread application of these tests in clinical decision making. We therefore used comprehensive DNA methylation profiling of the ZAP-70 regulatory region to identify sites important for transcriptional control.Patients and Methods High-resolution quantitative DNA methylation analysis of the entire ZAP-70 gene regulatory regions was conducted on 247 samples from patients with CLL from four independent clinical studies.Results Through this comprehensive analysis, we identified a small area in the 5` regulatory region of ZAP-70 that showed large variability in methylation in CLL samples but was universally methylated in normal B cells. High correlation with mRNA and protein expression, as well as activity in promoter reporter assays, revealed that within this differentially methylated region, a single CpG dinucleotide and neighboring nucleotides are particularly important in ZAP-70 transcriptional regulation. Furthermore, by using clustering approaches, we identified a prognostic role for this site in four independent data sets of patients with CLL using time to treatment, progression-free survival, and overall survival as clinical end points.Conclusion Comprehensive quantitative DNA methylation analysis of the ZAP-70 gene in CLL identified important regions responsible for transcriptional regulation. In addition, loss of methylation at a specific single CpG dinucleotide in the ZAP-70 5` regulatory sequence is a highly predictive and reproducible biomarker of poor prognosis in this disease. This work demonstrates the feasibility of using quantitative specific ZAP-70 methylation analysis as a relevant clinically applicable prognostic test in CLL.

NBC n° 135 du 10 May 2012

Mots clés : Leucémie; Dépistage, diagnostic et pronostic (Essais de technologies et de biomarqueurs dans un contexte clinique)

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